A Handbook of Test Construction: Introduction to by Paul Kline

By Paul Kline

Psychological checks supply trustworthy and target criteria through which participants will be evaluated in schooling and employment. accordingly exact decisions needs to rely on the reliability and caliber of the assessments themselves. initially released in 1986, this guide by way of an the world over said specialist supplied an introductory and complete remedy of the enterprise of creating solid tests.

Paul Kline indicates find out how to build a try out after which to ascertain that it truly is operating good. protecting so much sorts of exams, together with laptop provided checks of the time, Rasch scaling and adapted trying out, this identify bargains: a transparent creation to this advanced box; a word list of expert phrases; an evidence of the target of reliability; step by step suggestions throughout the statistical techniques; an outline of the thoughts utilized in developing and standardizing checks; guidance with examples for writing the attempt goods; desktop courses for lots of of the techniques.

Although the pc trying out will necessarily have moved on, scholars on classes in occupational, academic and scientific psychology, in addition to in mental checking out itself, could nonetheless locate this a priceless resource of data, counsel and transparent explanation.

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Some of these are particularly important because they permit scales with a true zero to be constructed and because they enable tests to be developed with subsets of items that are truly equivalent, a property which has been utilized in recent developments in psychological testing: tailored testing and computer-based testing. Both of these methods are fully explicated in chapter 10. In the present chapter I intend to discuss, albeit briefly, the theoretical rationale of these methods. Item-characteristic curves Methods based on item-characteristic curves describe the relation of the probability of responding Yes or No to dichotomous items to the hypothetical attributes or latent traits which they measure.

It means in practical terms that there is little error in the estimation of reliability due to random error in item selection. Another important inference as pointed out by Nunnally (1978) is that when apparently parallel tests have low correlations between them, this cannot be attributed to random errors in item selection. e. they are measuring different variables) or else there is sampling error due to subjects. 5 gives the test constructor confidence that random errors are not likely to destroy his test construction analyses.

This assumption is supported by the fact that, as Nunnally (1978) argues, psychophysical judgements closely fit this curve. Item curves applied to testing The item-characteristic curves in a pool of items are not expected to be or desired to be identical. If they were, each item would have identical qualities. Rather, the assumption is that each item tends to fit the logistic curve. 1. 5 probability value. 1 are almost equal in difficulty. (2) Discriminability (r) This is reflected in the steepness of the curve.

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