By John D. Pickard, Nejat Akalan, Vladimir Benes, Concezio Di Rocco, Vinko V. Dolenc, J. Lobo Antunes, Johannes Schramm, Marc Sindou
Detecting residual cognitive functionality in issues of awareness (M. R. COLEMAN, J. D. PICKARD).- purpose for hypothalamus-deep mind stimulation in nutrition consumption problems and weight problems (N. TORRES, S. CHABARDEES, A. L. BENABID).- Gustatory and present mind circuits within the keep watch over of nutrition consumption (A. J. OLIVEIRA-MAIA, C. D. ROBERTS, S. A. SIMON, M. A. L. NICOLELIS).- SEEG-guided RF-thermocoagulation of epileptic foci: A healing substitute for drug-resistant non-operable partial epilepsies (M. GU?NOT, J. ISNARD, H. CATENOIX, F. MAUGUIERE, M. SINDOU).- baby abuse – a few points for neurosurgeons (B. MADEA, M. NOEKER, I. FRANKE.- Prophylactic antibiotics and anticonvulsants in neurosurgery (B. RATILAL, C. SAMPAIO).- The dural sheath of the optic nerve: descriptive anatomy and surgical functions (P. FRANCOIS, E. LESCANNE, S. VELUT) -Surgical symptoms and methods for failed coiled aneurysms (C. RAFTOPOULOS; with the collaboration of G. VAZ).
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Additional info for Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery: Volume 36
2003) Years of life lost due to obesity. JAMA 289(2): 187 93 16. Franzini A, Marras C, et al. (2007) Chronic high frequency stimulation of the posteromedial hypothalamus in facial pain syndromes and behaviour disorders. Acta Neurochir Suppl 97(Pt 2): 399 406 17. Hamani C, McAndrews MP, et al. (2008) Memory enhancement induced by hypothala mic=fornix deep brain stimulation. Ann Neurol 63(1): 119 23 18. Heini AF, Lara Castro C, et al. (1998) Association of leptin and hunger satiety ratings in obese women.
Gustatory processing begins when a motivated animal searches for and detects a desired food, usually using visual and=or olfactory cues. Once a 34 A. J. OLIVEIRA MAIA et al. desired substance is found, the decision to pursue and maintain consumption usually involves active oral exploration. , its ﬂavour, will be a central contributor in the decision of ingestion vs. rejection . Gustatory decision making is also impacted by the organisms’ internal state. The central nervous system (CNS) detects a multitude of neural and humoral signals from the periphery, reﬂecting several aspects of homeostatic balance such as gastrointestinal status, current energy needs and availability, and energy stores .
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) signaling is necessary for transmission of taste information to the CNS. Tastant evoked ATP release activates P2X2=P2X3 ionotropic purinoreceptors on primary gustatory afferent nerve terminals . Serotonin and norepinephrine are also released from taste buds upon chemosensory stimulation, but their functional role is not as clear as that of ATP [68, 76]. Other transmitters, peptides and respective receptors, namely acetylcholine, glutamate, cholecystokinin (CCK), vasoactive intestinal peptide, substance P and leptin, have also been identiﬁed in taste cells.