ANAC's Core Curriculum for HIV AIDS in Nursing, Third by Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (ANAC)

By Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (ANAC)

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Oral sex) as safe. v) World AIDS Day c. Selected prevention activities differentially target population segments and design specific messages according to group-level variables, such as known risks. qxd:ANAC 16 CHAPTER 1 6/12/09 7:34 AM Page 16 HIV INFECTION, TRANSMISSION, AND PREVENTION vii) Relapse prevention for those who have changed risky sexual or drug use behavior d. Indicated prevention activities are personalized based on individual-level variables, such as the individual’s specifically appraised risk or specific difficulties with particular risk situations or risk-reduction efforts.

B) Antiretroviral treatment for HIV-positive persons (i) During pregnancy, labor, and delivery to prevent perinatal transmission. (ii) An extended nevirapine regimen is being tested in Africa to reduce risk from breastfeeding. , 2001). (iv) The relative lack of treatment access may have contributed to the rising HIV incidence in African American and Hispanic American communities since the late 1990s. (3) Chemical barriers (a) Microbicide—an antimicrobial gel, cream, or other formulation that can be applied topically into the vagina and/or rectum to kill, block, or inactivate HIV (i) The different mechanisms of action of the microbicides being tested include the following: 1.

Instead ask, for both risky behavior and precautions, “How often . . ” iii) Ask about partners’ infection status, risk history, HIV testing history. c. Avoid being technical, clinical, or general. Be as concrete and explicit as possible. Three levels of prevention are distinguished by their respective focus on different stages in the natural history of a disease process: a. Primary prevention efforts are implemented prepathogenesis and aim to avert infection, by reducing or eliminating the risks of exposure and transmission.

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